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According to Unicef, “17,000 children die every day, mostly from preventable or treatable causes”.

The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that, “6.3 million of children under five years died in 2013. More than half of these early child deaths are due to conditions that could be prevented or treated with access to simple, affordable interventions”. Almost half of children deaths occur in the first month, due home birth deliveries (lack of quality midwifery services and hygiene) and delays in treating infections. After the critical period of the first month, there are three children killers in low and middle-income countries: Malaria, Diarrhea and Pneumonia. The malnutrition terrain makes the child fragile. The nutrition includes as priority “breastfeeding”, exclusive or only nutriments of a baby during the first six months. After six months, topping breastfeeding with mixed of vegetables, beans, mil, eggs, meat, milk, fruits, potatoes, maize, etc. (common foods in may areas), is key for good baby nutrition. Sleeping in mosquito-nets will prevent most cases of malaria. Many diarrhea cases are prevented by rotavirus vaccine and the pneumonia prevention by pneumonia vaccine. Oral rehydration solutions save life of most diarrhea cases. Finally, the means to reduce drastically the children deaths are not expensive. Then, why children mortality continues to be high, even many countries did great efforts in past twenty years? The reality is that more than one third on children have no access to rotavirus and pneumonia vaccines as well as the exclusive breastfeeding. What governments have to provide, as “public goods” are the vaccination products and services including rotavirus, pneumonia vaccines and mosquito-nets (malaria zones). The parents should be informed about the “child rights” to be vaccinated, to sleep under the mosquito-nets (malaria zones) and to have exclusive breastfeeding during the fist six months, complemented with balanced foods during two years. The other big issues related to child mortality are the urgent access to health care services. Many populations live in rural areas without rapid transport. Unfortunately, the children are frequently sick during night when for security and lack of appropriate transport; the parents can’t bring the sick children to the clinic or hospital. Here the community intervention is critical. Ensuring child rights requires as well the community responsibility in emergency conditions. In summary, combining vaccination including rotavirus and pneumonia vaccines and mosquito-nets as government responsibility, nutrition and utilization of health care services as parents responsibility and emergency transport as community responsibility; many lives of children will be saved.